Be it for more efficient energy harvesting and storage or for better superconductors — Arkady Krasheninnikov’s simulations carried out with the help of PRACE resources, provide a better understanding of promising 2D materials and a basis to create new materials with tailored properties. His work has made him one of the most cited researchers in his field worldwide.
A team of scientists developed and optimised a concept for wing components that, thanks to electrically driven actuators, are able to adapt their shape as well as their vibratory behaviour during flight. This design considerably improves an aircraft’s aerodynamic performance and reduces fuel consumption. To achieve their remarkable results, the team performed extensive simulations using PRACE supercomputing resources in order to understand and control the turbulence around aircraft wings.
Powering particle accelerators with lasers has the potential to turn what is at present a hugely expensive but vital scientific tool into something far more accessible. Dr Thomas Kluge has been leading a project investigating the crucial phase just before the emission of ultra-intensity laser pulses that are used to accelerate ions.
In a way, superradiance is the ne plus ultra of radiation. Its powerful light is critical for many experiments in a broad range of scientific fields, but it has also been notoriously difficult to generate. Now, with the help of “Piz Daint” at CSCS in Switzerland and PRACE resources, a group of scientists has expanded the concept of superradiance and found a way to more easily generate the valuable radiation. They are calling the novel concept “generalised superradiance”.
Data sent over the internet relies on public key cryptographical systems to remain secure. Paul Zimmermann of INRIA has been leading a project that has been carrying out record computations of integer factorisation and the discrete logarithm problem, the results of which are used as a benchmark for setting the length of the keys needed to keep such systems secure.
Despite decades of research, current climate models still contain a substantial degree of uncertainty that hampers accurate projections of climate change effects such as sea level rise and extreme weather events. Recently, however, climate scientists
Fluid dynamics simulations are a valuable tool for improving the design of aircraft engines and rendering them more efficient. Now, a team of researchers has built the first high-fidelity simulation of a full aircraft engine including several coupled engine components — a milestone that provides insights into the interactions between the individual components and will help to improve future simulations.
Scientists at the Technology University of Denmark have reinvented the design of suspension bridges. Their novel concept not only enables much longer bridge spans but also reduces the amount of building material — and with this the environmental impact of the construction.
In 2014, a team of scientists amazed the world with a simulation of the universe from its birth to the present. Having first confirmed that the cosmological model actually leads to the galaxy distribution that we see in space, the project went on to yield numerous discoveries — for instance about the properties of galaxies and the impact of supermassive black holes on cosmic structures. Still today, the project calculated on PRACE supercomputers inspires ever more new scientific approaches for investigating the origin of our universe.
Cryptic pockets are hidden and appear only when a ligand molecule is actually bound. Now researchers have developed a novel sampling approach, which can detect hidden binding pockets in proteins that were before deemed undruggable. Their approach could even help to battle the current coronavirus pandemic.