Simulations help to tailor the properties of 2D materials

Cover image: The illustration shows multiple layers of lithium ions intercalated into two atom-thin sheets of graphene.

Be it for more efficient energy harvesting and storage or for better superconductors — Arkady Krasheninnikov’s simulations carried out with the help of PRACE resources, provide a better understanding of promising 2D materials and a basis to create new materials with tailored properties. His work has made him one of the most cited researchers in his field worldwide.

Future aircraft wings will be able to adapt their shape mid-flight

Simulated air vorteces around an aricraft wing section

A team of scientists developed and optimised a concept for wing components that, thanks to electrically driven actuators, are able to adapt their shape as well as their vibratory behaviour during flight. This design considerably improves an aircraft’s aerodynamic performance and reduces fuel consumption. To achieve their remarkable results, the team performed extensive simulations using PRACE supercomputing resources in order to understand and control the turbulence around aircraft wings.

Automating aircraft design and optimisation

Optimising the shape of aircraft to improve fuel efficiency and reduce the noise they make is a task normally carried out by highly-skilled professionals using high fidelity computational fluid dynamics tools. Swedish start-up Airinnova has been looking to change this, however, using resources provided by the PRACE SHAPE programme to fully automate parts of the optimisation process.

Keep on truckin’: Fluid dynamics for the transport sector

CO2 emissions from the transport sector are increasing, and at this point there are few signs of this trend reversing. Torbjörn Larsson of Creo Dynamics has been running a PRACE project that aimed to iron out some of the issues involved in running HPC simulations that can help improve the design of large vehicles and therefore reduce emissions.

Optimising laser-powered particle acceleration

Powering particle accelerators with lasers has the potential to turn what is at present a hugely expensive but vital scientific tool into something far more accessible. Dr Thomas Kluge has been leading a project investigating the crucial phase just before the emission of ultra-intensity laser pulses that are used to accelerate ions.